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Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen

Nabil Ahmed Al-Rabeei, Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak, Mustafa Hasan Al-Barakani.

Abstract
Background: The Infant's undernutrition is a significant health problem in Yemen. We aimed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among infants attending maternal and child health centers in Sana'a city.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted among 400 Yemeni infants aged less than 1 year attended to MCHC in Sana'a city from March to May 2012. A multi-stage sampling technique was used to selected study participants. Data on demographic characteristics of infants and anthropometric measurements were collected using a structured questionnaire as a face to face interview. Data were analyzed using both WHO Anthro and SPSS software program. WHO Anthro was used to calculate the Z-score needed to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among infants. The final clear dataset are imported to SPSS.
Results: The mean age of infants was 4.3±3 months. 47.5% were boys and 52.5% were girls. The prevalence of wasting 11.8% is classified as “high”, the prevalence of stunting 40% is classified as “very high”, and the prevalence of underweight 20.3% is classified as “medium”. A statistical significant difference was not found by sex regarding wasting, stunting and underweight while statistical significant difference was found by age (χ2-test, P<0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of malnutrition among infants was very serious problems in Sana'a city. Emergency nutrition programs should focus primarily on infants group.

Key words: Infant, Undernutrition, Malnutrition, Stunting, Wasting


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Al-Rabeei NA, Dallak AM, Al-Barakani MH. Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. Ulutas Med J. 2015; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



Web Style

Al-Rabeei NA, Dallak AM, Al-Barakani MH. Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. www.scopemed.org/?mno=182504 [Access: November 24, 2017]. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Al-Rabeei NA, Dallak AM, Al-Barakani MH. Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. Ulutas Med J. 2015; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Al-Rabeei NA, Dallak AM, Al-Barakani MH. Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. Ulutas Med J. (2015), [cited November 24, 2017]; 1(1): 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



Harvard Style

Al-Rabeei, N. A., Dallak, A. M. & Al-Barakani, M. H. (2015) Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. Ulutas Med J, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



Turabian Style

Al-Rabeei, Nabil Ahmed, Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak, and Mustafa Hasan Al-Barakani. 2015. Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



Chicago Style

Al-Rabeei, Nabil Ahmed, Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak, and Mustafa Hasan Al-Barakani. "Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 1 (2015), 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Al-Rabeei, Nabil Ahmed, Abdulsalam Mohammed Dallak, and Mustafa Hasan Al-Barakani. "Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 1.1 (2015), 1-6. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Al-Rabeei, N. A., Dallak, A. M. & Al-Barakani, M. H. (2015) Prevalence of malnutrition among infants in Sana'a city, Yemen. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 1 (1), 1-6. doi:10.5455/umj.2015.1.1








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