Open Access and Peer-reviewed Medical Journal
Home Journal Issues Guide for Authors Editorial Board Aims & Scope About Journal


Original Research Open Access


Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy

Gulay Yilmazel, Zeynep Baykan, Fevziye Cetinkaya.

Abstract
Introduction: This study was aimed to reveal violence, the risk factors during pregnancy, and to compare it with pre-pregnancy preiod.
Method: This descriptive study was conducted in a maternity polyclinic in a Government Hospital during May 2012. We interviewed interviewed by face-to-face method with 109 volunteer women. The data was evaluated by using Chi-Square and Fisher’s Exact Tests.
Results: The 62.4% of women stated that they were exposed to violence during this pregnancy. Verbal violence was the most frequent kind in pregnant women. Physical violence was found in 29.4% of the women. The factors affecting this violence during pregnancy have been found to be; the spouses’ educational level, number of children, the presence of violence before pregnancy and the presence of violence in the spouses’ past lives.
Conclusion: The results from our study verified that violence was a quite common issue in pregnancy and pregnancy was’nt a barrier for domestic violence. Therefore, during antenatal follows counselling services should be given carefully to screen violence.

Key words: Women, pregnancy, antenatal, domestic violence


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Export to
Export to
Related Records
 Articles by Gulay Yilmazel
Articles by Zeynep Baykan
Articles by Fevziye Cetinkaya
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 929
Downloaded: 428
Cited: 0


REFERENCES
1. Baddour World Health Organization. Women and health: Today's evidence tomorrow's agenda 2009. (http://www.who.int/gender/ women_health_report).
2. World Health Organization. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy. Information sheet (http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/ 2011/ WHO_RHR_11.35_eng.pdf ).
3. Valladares E, Pena R, Persson LA, Högberg U. Violence against pregnant women: prevalence and characteristics. A population-based study in Nicaragua. BJOG 2005; 112: 1243-1248. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Perales MT, Cripe SM, Lam N, Sanchez SE, Sanchez E, Williams MA. Prevalence, Types, and Pattern of Intimate Partner Violence among Pregnant Women in Lima, Peru. Violence Against Women 2009; 15 (2): 224-250. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Nasir K, Hyder AA. Violence against pregnant women in developing countries. European J of Public Health 2003; 13:105-107. [DOI via Crossref]   
6. McMahon S, Armstrong DY. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: best practices for social workers. Health Soc Work. 2012;37(1):9-17. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
7. Bailey BA. Partner violence during pregnancy: prevalence, effects, screening, and management. Int J Womens Health 2010; 9: 183-197. [DOI via Crossref]   
8. Tiwari A, Chan KL, et al. The impact of psychological abuse by an intimate partner on the mental health of pregnant women. BJOG 2008;115:377-384. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
9. Ibiloglu Okan A. Aile ici siddet. Current Approaches in Psychiatry 2012; 4(2):204-222.
10.Ahmed S, Koenig MA, Stephenson R. Effects of domestic violence on perinatal and early-childhood mortality: Evidence from north India. Am J Public Health 2006; 96: 1423-1428. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
11.Boy A, Salihu HM. Intimate partner violence and birth outcomes: A systematic review. Int J Fertil Womens Med 2004;49: 159- 164. [Pubmed]   
12.Jasinski JL. Pregnancy and Domestic Violence: A Review of the literature. Trauma Violence Abuse 2004;5: 47-64. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
13.Ramsay J, Rutterford C, Gregory A, et al. Domestic violence: knowledge, attitudes, and clinical practice of selected UK primary healthcare clinicians. Br Jen Gen 2012; 62: 647-655. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
14.Martin SL, Harris-Britt A, Li Y, Moracco KE, Kupper LL, Campbell JC. Changes in intimate partner violence during pregnancy. J Fam Violence 2004;19: 201-210. [DOI via Crossref]   
15.AyrancĂ˝ U, Gunay Y, Unluoglu I. Spouse violence during pregnancy: a research among women attending to primary health care. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2002;3: 75-87.
16.Ergonen AT, Ozdemir MH, Can IO, et al. Domestic violence on pregnant women in Turkey. J Forensic Leg Med 2009;16: 125-129. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17.Arslantas H, Adana F, Ergin F, Gey N, Bicer N, Kiransal N. Domestic violence during pregnancy in an eastern city of Turkey: a field study. Interpers Violence 2012;27:1293-313. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18.Deveci SE, Acik Y, Gulbayrak C, Tokdemir M, Ayar A. Prevalence of domestic violence during pregnancy in a Turkish community. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 2007;38: 754-60. [Pubmed]   
19.Karaoglu L, Celbis O, Ercan C, et al. Physical, emotional and sexual violence during pregnancy in Malatya, Turkey. Eur J Public Health 2005;16: 149-156. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
20.Hacettepe University Institute of Population Studies. Research on Domestic Violence Against Women in Turkey 2009 (http://www.hips.hacettepe.edu.tr/TKAA2008-AnaRapor.pdf)
21.The Official Journal of Turkey. The Law on family protection and prevention of domestic violence against women. ( http://www. resmigazete. gov.tr //2012/03/ 20120320-16.htm).
22.Karal D, Aydemir E. Violence to women in Turkey. (Report No: 12-01). Location: International Strategic Research Organization. USAK Publisher, 2012.
23.Iliyasu Z, Abubakar IS, Galadanci HS, Hayatu Z, Aliyu MH. Prevalence and risk factors for domestic violence among pregnant women in Northern Nigeria. J Interpers Violence 2012; 28: 868-883. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24.Daoud N, Urquia ML, O' Campo P, et al. Prevalence of abuse and violence before, during, and after pregnancy in a national sample of Canadian women. Am J Public Health 2012;102:1893-901. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
25.Makayoto LA, Omolo J, Kamweya AM. Prevalence and Associated Factors of Intimate Partner Violence Among Pregnant Women Attending Kisumu District Hospital, Kenya. Matern Child Health J 2013; 17: 441-447. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
26.Salazar-Pousada D, Astudillo C, Gonzaga M, Hidalgo L, PĂ©rez-LĂłpez FR, Chedraui P. Intimate partner violence and psychoemotional disturbance among pregnant women admitted to hospital with prenatal complications. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2012; 118:194-197. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
27.Devries KM, et al. Intimate partner violence during pregnancy: analysis of prevalence data from 19 countries. Reproductive Health Matters 2010; 18: 158-170. [DOI via Crossref]   
28.Kiely M, El-Mohandes A, El-Khorazaty MN, Gantz MG. An integrated intervention to reduce intimate partner violence in pregnancy: A randomized trial. Obstet Gynecol 2010; 115: 273-283. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
29.Helmuth JC, Gordon KC, Stuart GL, Moore TM. WomenÂ’s intimate partner violence perpetration during pregnancy and postpartum. Matern Child Health J 2013;17: 1405-13. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
30.Giray H, Keskinoglu P, Sonmez Y, et al. Domestic violence and associations during pregnancy. Sted 2005; 14: 217-220.
31.Efe S & Ayaz S. Domestic violence against women and women's opinions related to domestic violence. Anatolian Journal of Psychiatry 2010; 11: 23-29.
32.Castro R, Peek-Asa C, Ruiz A. Violence against women in Mexico: A study of abuse before and during pregnancy. Am J Public Health 2003; 93: 1110-1116. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
33.Silva EP, Ludermir AB, Barreto de AraĂşjo TV, Valongueiro SA. Frequency and pattern of intimate partner violence before, during and after pregnancy. Rev SaĂşde PĂşblica 2011; 45: 1-9.
34.Guler N. Physical, emotional, sexual, and economic violence by spouse during pregnancy and associated factors. Nursing School Education Journal 2010;3:72-77.
35.Sir A, Kaya CM, Bez Y. Society, family and violence. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry- Special Topics 2011; 4: 26-31.
36.Lau Y. Influence of intimate partner violence during pregnancy and early postpartum depressive symptoms on breastfeeding among chinese women in Hong Kong. J Midwifery Womens Health 2007; 52: 15-20. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Yilmazel G, Baykan Z, Cetinkaya F. Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. Ulutas Med J. 2016; 2(1): 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



Web Style

Yilmazel G, Baykan Z, Cetinkaya F. Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. www.scopemed.org/?mno=209398 [Access: November 24, 2017]. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yilmazel G, Baykan Z, Cetinkaya F. Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. Ulutas Med J. 2016; 2(1): 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yilmazel G, Baykan Z, Cetinkaya F. Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. Ulutas Med J. (2016), [cited November 24, 2017]; 2(1): 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



Harvard Style

Yilmazel, G., Baykan, Z. & Cetinkaya, F. (2016) Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. Ulutas Med J, 2 (1), 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



Turabian Style

Yilmazel, Gulay, Zeynep Baykan, and Fevziye Cetinkaya. 2016. Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 2 (1), 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



Chicago Style

Yilmazel, Gulay, Zeynep Baykan, and Fevziye Cetinkaya. "Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 2 (2016), 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yilmazel, Gulay, Zeynep Baykan, and Fevziye Cetinkaya. "Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 2.1 (2016), 12-19. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yilmazel, G., Baykan, Z. & Cetinkaya, F. (2016) Domestic Violence and Related Factors During Pregnancy. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 2 (1), 12-19. doi:10.5455/umj.20151222120903








AUTHOR LOGIN

REVIEWER LOGIN

Indexed
&
Abstracted


CrossRef

ScopeMed

Google Scholar

TUBITAK Dergipark

Index Scholar

Index Copernicus


ABOUT JOURNAL
POLICIES and STATEMENTS

The articles in Ulutas Medical Journal are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.