E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Research 


High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

Tarik Akar.

Abstract
Background: There is still lack of a preoperative simple, reliable and non-invasive blood marker predicting the stage of the disease (luminal or extraluminal) and the need for chemotherapy at the time of diagnosis in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The study aimed to investigate any relationship between the preoperative fibrinogen level and CRC disease stage as well as the receipt of chemotherapy before surgery.
Method: A total 297 CRC patients undergoing surgical resection for any reason (curative or palliative) enrolled in this study. The serum fibrinogen level was calculated in the preoperative period. The need for chemotherapy was assessed by two different expert oncologists. Comparisons were made between the fibrinogen level with disease stage as well as the chemotherapy.
Results: The mean fibrinogen level was 455±128,5 mg/dL with high level in 77,4% of all CRC patients. The level of fibrinogen in both Duke’s C and D significantly were higher than Duke’s B (p<0,001). High preoperative fibrinogen level had a 27.9-fold increase the risk of receiving chemotherapy (Hazard Ratio:27.9, P<0.0001, 12.8-60.4; 95% C.I). The majority of CRC patients receiving chemotherapy (94,4%) had both high fibrinogen and CEA levels.
Conclusion: High preoperative fibrinogen is closely linked with receipt of chemotherapy and advanced disease in patients with CRC. Notable, this association is more prominent when fibrinogen and CEA are both high.

Key words: Colorectal cancer, fibrinogen, carcinoembryonic antigen, chemotherapy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tarik Akar. High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. Ulutas Med J. 2017; 3(4): 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720


Web Style

Tarik Akar. High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. https://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=283453 [Access: November 21, 2018]. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tarik Akar. High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. Ulutas Med J. 2017; 3(4): 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tarik Akar. High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. Ulutas Med J. (2017), [cited November 21, 2018]; 3(4): 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



Harvard Style

Tarik Akar (2017) High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. Ulutas Med J, 3 (4), 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



Turabian Style

Tarik Akar. 2017. High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 3 (4), 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



Chicago Style

Tarik Akar. "High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 3 (2017), 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tarik Akar. "High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 3.4 (2017), 72-77. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tarik Akar (2017) High Preoperative Fibrinogen Level is Closely Associated with Receipt of Chemotherapy and Advanced Disease in Patients with Colorectal Cancer. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 3 (4), 72-77. doi:10.5455/umj.20171115091720