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Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion

Emmanuel N Kontomanolis, Elizabeth Kenanidou, Sofia Kalagasidou, Zacharias N Fasoulakis.

Abstract
Great advancements in medicine and its many achievements are a fact for the modern civilizations. Religion coexists harmoniously with science while technology allows rapid access to an exchange of information, both playing an increasingly important role in the whole process of medical development. However, obstacles encountered by physicians were usually insurmountable and without them, the progress of science would have been undiminished. The established religious beliefs, non-progressive thinking, geopolitical imperialism, corruption, contributed many times to a misinterpretation on the original role of medicine, leading to a delay in medical progress. While being influenced by social and technological innovations, knowledge always prevented the medicine from stagnating and helped overcome differences between science and religion. The aim of this paper is to provide a survey on the contributions of some influential physicians and civilizations, and the role of religion on the evolution of medicine, from ancient times until the Renaissance.

Key words: Medicine, history, healers, religion, Renaissance


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kontomanolis EN, Kenanidou E, Kalagasidou S, Fasoulakis ZN. Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(3): 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700


Web Style

Kontomanolis EN, Kenanidou E, Kalagasidou S, Fasoulakis ZN. Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. http://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=302643225 [Access: December 12, 2018]. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kontomanolis EN, Kenanidou E, Kalagasidou S, Fasoulakis ZN. Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. Ulutas Med J. 2018; 4(3): 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kontomanolis EN, Kenanidou E, Kalagasidou S, Fasoulakis ZN. Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. Ulutas Med J. (2018), [cited December 12, 2018]; 4(3): 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



Harvard Style

Kontomanolis, E. N., Kenanidou, . E., Kalagasidou, . S. & Fasoulakis, . Z. N. (2018) Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. Ulutas Med J, 4 (3), 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



Turabian Style

Kontomanolis, Emmanuel N, Elizabeth Kenanidou, Sofia Kalagasidou, and Zacharias N Fasoulakis. 2018. Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (3), 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



Chicago Style

Kontomanolis, Emmanuel N, Elizabeth Kenanidou, Sofia Kalagasidou, and Zacharias N Fasoulakis. "Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4 (2018), 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kontomanolis, Emmanuel N, Elizabeth Kenanidou, Sofia Kalagasidou, and Zacharias N Fasoulakis. "Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 4.3 (2018), 175-183. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kontomanolis, E. N., Kenanidou, . E., Kalagasidou, . S. & Fasoulakis, . Z. N. (2018) Medicine from Ancient Times until Renaissance: Contributions of Early Physicians and the Impact of Religion. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 4 (3), 175-183. doi:10.5455/umj.20180709052700