E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Article 


Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department

Oya Akpinar Oruc, Serife Ozdinc, Hulya Sevil.

Abstract
Introduction: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) exacerbations present significant challenges in emergency care settings. Predictive tools like the Ottawa Risk Scale (ORS) can potentially enhance early patient management. We aimed to assess the reliability and efficiency of the ORS among COPD in emergency departments.
Materials and Methods: The study reviewed 75 patients presenting with COPD exacerbations were evaluated using the ORS. The ORS categorized patients into four risk groups: Low, Medium, High, and Very High. Clinical characteristics, blood gas analyses, and imaging results were documented.
Results: Clinical symptoms were prevalent across all risk categories, but a significant association was found between smoking history and ORS categorization (p=0.042), oxygen saturation levels (p=0.043), initial PaO2 levels (p=0.013), initial and post-treatment PaCO2 (p=0.008, p=0.003 respectively), and pathological X-ray findings (p=0.005). The mMRC scale showed a correlation with ORS categorization (p=0.0001). The High and Very High-risk groups had higher hospitalization rates and adverse outcomes than Low and Medium risk.
Conclusion: The ORS is a promising tool for predicting short-term adverse outcomes in COPD within emergency settings. This study underscores its potential utility in aiding clinical decision-making, guiding interventions, and improving patient outcomes.

Key words: COPD exacerbations, Ottawa risk scale, emergency department, mMRC scale


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Oruc OA, Ozdinc S, Sevil H. Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. Ulutas Med J. 2023; 9(3): 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102


Web Style

Oruc OA, Ozdinc S, Sevil H. Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. https://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=166475 [Access: December 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Oruc OA, Ozdinc S, Sevil H. Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. Ulutas Med J. 2023; 9(3): 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Oruc OA, Ozdinc S, Sevil H. Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. Ulutas Med J. (2023), [cited December 05, 2023]; 9(3): 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



Harvard Style

Oruc, O. A., Ozdinc, . S. & Sevil, . H. (2023) Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. Ulutas Med J, 9 (3), 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



Turabian Style

Oruc, Oya Akpinar, Serife Ozdinc, and Hulya Sevil. 2023. Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 9 (3), 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



Chicago Style

Oruc, Oya Akpinar, Serife Ozdinc, and Hulya Sevil. "Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 9 (2023), 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Oruc, Oya Akpinar, Serife Ozdinc, and Hulya Sevil. "Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 9.3 (2023), 128-136. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Oruc, O. A., Ozdinc, . S. & Sevil, . H. (2023) Evaluating the Efficiency of the Ottawa Risk Scale in Assessing Adverse Outcomes in COPD Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 9 (3), 128-136. doi:10.5455/umj.20230822072102