E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Review Article 


Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome

Corina Adelina Zah, Miruna Pepa Oltea, Paul Grama.

Abstract
The Pelvic Congestion Syndrome is a disease that manifests usually with chronic pelvic pain, impairments in daily activity due to pain severity, dyspareunia, and dysmenorrhea. It affects mainly women in premenopausal stages. The gold-standard procedure for diagnosis is venography, which has an invasive character. This syndrome is underdiagnosed, partly because women tend not to report symptoms to their doctors, but also because of the tendency to delay or deny invasive procedures until there is a severe alteration in the quality of life. Transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examination can detect pelvic vein insufficiency, which is the main cause of pelvic congestion syndrome. Vein diameter, the grade of reflux, velocity, and extension of affected vessels are among the parameters that can be assessed. Implementing a diagnosis scheme using only ultrasound parameters could lead to an increase in the number of diagnosed patients.

Key words: Pelvic congestion syndrome, pelvic pain, ultrasonography


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zah CA, Oltea MP, Grama P. Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(3): 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002


Web Style

Zah CA, Oltea MP, Grama P. Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. http://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=107558 [Access: October 23, 2020]. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zah CA, Oltea MP, Grama P. Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(3): 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zah CA, Oltea MP, Grama P. Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. Ulutas Med J. (2020), [cited October 23, 2020]; 6(3): 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



Harvard Style

Zah, C. A., Oltea, . M. P. & Grama, . P. (2020) Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. Ulutas Med J, 6 (3), 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



Turabian Style

Zah, Corina Adelina, Miruna Pepa Oltea, and Paul Grama. 2020. Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (3), 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



Chicago Style

Zah, Corina Adelina, Miruna Pepa Oltea, and Paul Grama. "Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6 (2020), 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zah, Corina Adelina, Miruna Pepa Oltea, and Paul Grama. "Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6.3 (2020), 103-106. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zah, C. A., Oltea, . M. P. & Grama, . P. (2020) Ultrasound as A Viable Option in the Diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (3), 103-106. doi:10.5455/umj.20200722035002