E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Article 


Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species

Subhash Lal Karn, Ajay Gurung, Amit Kumar Shrivastava, Sulochana Khatiwada Poudel, Shristi Raut Adhikari, Chandra Mohan Sah.

Abstract
Introduction: Dermatophytosis is colonization by dermatophytic fungus of the keratinized tissues like hair, nails and skin. They are considered important as a public health problem. The study was aimed to isolate, identify, and detect the in-vitro antifungal sensitivity pattern of various dermatophytes isolates from clinically diagnosed cases of dermatophytosis.
Materials and Methods: One hundred and sixty patients of all age groups and both sexes and clinically diagnosed with dermatophytosis were recruited in this study. The specimens included skin scales, hair pluckings, and nail clippings. Identification and isolation were done by microscopic examination, culture, and biochemical analysis.
Results: Dermatophytosis was more common in males (60.62%) than females (39.37%). Tinea corporis (31.25%) was the most common clinical presentation followed by Tinea faciei (25%). Trichophyton rubrum (36.19%) was the most common isolate followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes (15.23%). Out of four antifungal drugs used, fluconazole was found most resistant while Itraconazole was the most effective drug.
Conclusion: The epidemiology of dermatophyte infections may change with time. Antifungal susceptibility testing will aid the clinician in initiating prompt and appropriate antifungal therapy and prevent the emergence of resistance.

Key words: Antifungal sensitivity, Dermatophytosis, Tinea infection, Trichophyton


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Karn SL, Gurung A, Shrivastava AK, Poudel SK, Adhikari SR, Sah CM. Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. Ulutas Med J. 2021; 7(2): 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254


Web Style

Karn SL, Gurung A, Shrivastava AK, Poudel SK, Adhikari SR, Sah CM. Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. http://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=24159 [Access: June 24, 2021]. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Karn SL, Gurung A, Shrivastava AK, Poudel SK, Adhikari SR, Sah CM. Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. Ulutas Med J. 2021; 7(2): 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Karn SL, Gurung A, Shrivastava AK, Poudel SK, Adhikari SR, Sah CM. Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. Ulutas Med J. (2021), [cited June 24, 2021]; 7(2): 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



Harvard Style

Karn, S. L., Gurung, . A., Shrivastava, . A. K., Poudel, . S. K., Adhikari, . S. R. & Sah, . C. M. (2021) Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. Ulutas Med J, 7 (2), 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



Turabian Style

Karn, Subhash Lal, Ajay Gurung, Amit Kumar Shrivastava, Sulochana Khatiwada Poudel, Shristi Raut Adhikari, and Chandra Mohan Sah. 2021. Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 7 (2), 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



Chicago Style

Karn, Subhash Lal, Ajay Gurung, Amit Kumar Shrivastava, Sulochana Khatiwada Poudel, Shristi Raut Adhikari, and Chandra Mohan Sah. "Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 7 (2021), 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Karn, Subhash Lal, Ajay Gurung, Amit Kumar Shrivastava, Sulochana Khatiwada Poudel, Shristi Raut Adhikari, and Chandra Mohan Sah. "Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 7.2 (2021), 115-123. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Karn, S. L., Gurung, . A., Shrivastava, . A. K., Poudel, . S. K., Adhikari, . S. R. & Sah, . C. M. (2021) Dermatophytosis in Bhairahawa, Nepal: Prevalence and Resistance Pattern of Dermatophyte Species. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 7 (2), 115-123. doi:10.5455/umj.20201208055254