E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters

Didar Yanardag Acik, Elif Suyani, Bilal Aygun, Mehmet Bankir.

Abstract
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of smoking on hematological parameters.
Materials and Methods: A total of 295 participants who were older than 18 years of age, did not have any known diseases, applied to our clinics for check-ups, and had no diseases revealed in their check-up procedures were included in the study.
Results: Compared to the non-smokers, the smokers had higher levels of hemoglobin (15.6 g/dL vs. 13.5 g/dL, respectively; p<0.001), mean corpuscular volume (MCV) (88.1 fL vs. 83.4 fL, respectively; p<0.001), white blood cell (WBC) count (9103/L vs. 6.95103/L, respectively; p<0.001), neutrophil count (5.4103/L vs. 4.1103/L, respectively; p<0.001), lymphocyte count (2.5103/L vs. 2103/L, respectively; p<0.001), monocyte count (0.7103/L vs. 0.5103 /L, respectively; p<0.001), and eosinophil count (0.2103/L vs. 0.1103/L, respectively; p<0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between smoking time and MCV (r=0.155, p=0.038), WBC count (r=0.179, p=0.016), neutrophil count (r=0.147, p=0.049), and monocyte count (r=0.150, p=0.046). There was a positive correlation between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and hemoglobin level (r=0.275, p<0.001) and MCV (r=0.149, p=0.046).
Conclusion: We found that hematological parameters, particularly hemoglobin level and WBC count, were affected in smokers compared to non-smokers.

Key words: Hematological parameters, hemoglobin, platelet, smoking, white blood cell


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Acik DY, Suyani E, Aygun B, Bankir M. The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535


Web Style

Acik DY, Suyani E, Aygun B, Bankir M. The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. http://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=86226 [Access: March 31, 2020]. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Acik DY, Suyani E, Aygun B, Bankir M. The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Acik DY, Suyani E, Aygun B, Bankir M. The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. Ulutas Med J. (2020), [cited March 31, 2020]; 6(1): 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



Harvard Style

Acik, D. Y., Suyani, . E., Aygun, . B. & Bankir, . M. (2020) The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. Ulutas Med J, 6 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



Turabian Style

Acik, Didar Yanardag, Elif Suyani, Bilal Aygun, and Mehmet Bankir. 2020. The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



Chicago Style

Acik, Didar Yanardag, Elif Suyani, Bilal Aygun, and Mehmet Bankir. "The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6 (2020), 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Acik, Didar Yanardag, Elif Suyani, Bilal Aygun, and Mehmet Bankir. "The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6.1 (2020), 9-14. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Acik, D. Y., Suyani, . E., Aygun, . B. & Bankir, . M. (2020) The Effect of Smoking on Hematological Parameters. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (1), 9-14. doi:10.5455/umj.20200209092535