E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People

Bulent Yardimci, Ismail Ozkaya, Yusuf Bayrak.

Abstract
Introduction: Falls represent a major clinical problem in the elderly population. Accordingly, the prevention of falls is clinically important in this vulnerable population. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical characteristics associated with falls and to define a patient subgroup that is at increased risk.
Materials and Methods: Consecutive patients aged ≥65 years, who presented with falls at the Emergency Department of American Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, from 01/02/2014 to 01/02/2015, were included in this cross-sectional study.
Results: A total of 166 (17%) patients met the study inclusion criteria, comprising 110 (57.2%) females and 56 (33.7%) males. The mean age was 86.27.6 (66-105) years. The incidence of high-energy trauma was significantly higher in individuals aged >80 years (t=6.71; p=0.0054). Female gender was associated with an increased risk of high-energy trauma (x=9.51; p=0.003). The frequency of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and polypharmacy was significantly higher in the high energy trauma group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Women aged >80 years are at an increased risk of falls. Moreover, polypharmacy is associated with falls that lead to high-energy trauma. Healthcare providers should pay particular attention to this patient group to prevent high-energy falls that may lead to temporary or permanent injuries.

Key words: Elderly, women, falls, injury, trauma


 
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Pubmed Style

Yardimci B, Ozkaya I, Bayrak Y. Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(3): 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305


Web Style

Yardimci B, Ozkaya I, Bayrak Y. Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. http://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=114079 [Access: October 23, 2020]. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Yardimci B, Ozkaya I, Bayrak Y. Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. Ulutas Med J. 2020; 6(3): 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Yardimci B, Ozkaya I, Bayrak Y. Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. Ulutas Med J. (2020), [cited October 23, 2020]; 6(3): 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



Harvard Style

Yardimci, B., Ozkaya, . I. & Bayrak, . Y. (2020) Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. Ulutas Med J, 6 (3), 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



Turabian Style

Yardimci, Bulent, Ismail Ozkaya, and Yusuf Bayrak. 2020. Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (3), 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



Chicago Style

Yardimci, Bulent, Ismail Ozkaya, and Yusuf Bayrak. "Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6 (2020), 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Yardimci, Bulent, Ismail Ozkaya, and Yusuf Bayrak. "Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 6.3 (2020), 162-168. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Yardimci, B., Ozkaya, . I. & Bayrak, . Y. (2020) Female Gender and Polypharmacy Results in An Increased Risk of High-Energy Trauma Associated With Falls in Elderly People. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 6 (3), 162-168. doi:10.5455/umj.20200610062305