E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430

Conflict of Interest Policy

The UMJ Publishing requires authors to declare all competing interests in relation to their work. All submitted manuscripts must include a ‘competing interests’ section at the end of the manuscript listing all competing interests (financial and non-financial). Where authors have no competing interests, the statement should read “The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests”. The Editor may ask for further information relating to competing interests.


There are several areas where you may encounter a conflict of interest.

  • Authors: if they are funded by the company that produces the products that they are writing about this may influence their reporting.
  • Reviewers: if they are working in the same area of research at a competing institution to the authors, then this will not only influence their judgment but may encourage them to advise rejection of the competing article so that their research is published first.
  • Editors: if an editor receives an article from a friend or colleague this may bias their judgment of its suitability to publish.

Competing interests may be financial or non-financial. A competing interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by or may be perceived to be influenced by, their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors should disclose any financial competing interests but also any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public after the publication of the manuscript.

A conflict of interest may not invalidate a manuscript or a decision, but it should be declared so that suitable action can be taken. Authors are required to declare any conflict of interest when they submit their manuscript. This allows the Editors and reviewers to make an informed judgment of the work. The conflict should also be published with the article so that readers can also make informed judgments of the reporting.

Reviewers are required to declare a conflict of interest when they are asked to review an article – the Editor can then judge whether they are suitable to review the article or not. When the Editor has a possible conflict of interest, then the evaluation procedure (peer review and publishing decision) must be undertaken in a way that avoids biased decisions. Remember that whilst you may honestly feel that you have made a fair decision, your readership (and authors) must feel confident that your processes for all submissions are fair and balanced.

Editorial board members are encouraged to submit to their journal, but you must have systems in place to ensure that they are not involved in the decision-making process for their own article. It is very important that Editors should not handle their own manuscript through the peer review process


Financial competing interests include:

  • Holding stocks or shares in an organization that may in any way gain or lose financially from the publication of the manuscript, either now or in the future.
  • Holding, or currently applying for, patents relating to the content of the manuscript.
  • Receiving reimbursements, fees, funding, or salary from an organization that holds or has applied for patents relating to the content of the manuscript.

Non-financial competing interests

Non-financial competing interests include political, personal, religious, ideological, academic, and intellectual competing interests. If, after reading these guidelines, you are unsure whether you have a competing interest, please contact: ulutasmedicaljournal@gmail.com