E-ISSN 2149-388X | ISSN 2149-0430
 

Original Article 


Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria

Chinonso J Nnamdi, Amah K. Ubuo, Anaelechi J. Onuegbu, Madu J Olisekodiaka, Chima H Okpara, Ekenedirichukwu J Okwara, Adamma R Analike, Chidiadi M Njoku.

Abstract
Introduction: Leptin circulating levels increase with weight gain and decrease with weight loss. The amount of leptin circulating in the body is proportional to an individual's fat. We investigated the association of leptin and remnant cholesterol in normal-weight, overweight and obese participants in southeast Nigeria.
Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional random study. A total of 90 healthy obese, overweight, and normal-weight participants who met the inclusion criteria were randomly enrolled in the study. They were grouped using their body mass index of 18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2 (average weight), 25 to 29.9 kg/m2 (overweight), and ≥30 kg/m2 (obese). The measured parameters were analyzed using standard methods.
Results: Our results showed that there was a progressive increase of remnant cholesterol among the group, but there was no statistical difference (p>0.05) in the mean calculated remnant cholesterol (mmol/l) between the obese (0.72±0.4mmol/l), overweight (0.68±0.46), and average weight (0.50±0.28mmol/l) participants. There was a significant difference in the mean level of Leptin (ug/l) of the obese participants compared to regular weight participants (0.63±0.29 vs. 0.25±0.26, 0.001) and overweight when compared to average weight (0.51±0.27 vs. 0.25±0.26, 0.003). Remnant cholesterol did not correlate with body mass index (BMI) in those that are obese, overweight, or normal weight. Leptin correlated positively with BMI but inversely with Remnant cholesterol.
Conclusion: The result obtained from this study suggests that leptin has a positive relationship with BMI, and calculated Remnant cholesterol does not appear to have a direct relationship with obesity. There was no association between leptin and remnant cholesterol among the groups.

Key words: Leptin, Remnant Cholesterol, Obesity, BMI, Cardiovascular disease, Lipid Profile


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nnamdi CJ, AKU, Onuegbu AJ, Olisekodiaka MJ, Okpara CH, EJO, ARA, Njoku CM. Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. Ulutas Med J. 2022; 8(4): 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839


Web Style

Nnamdi CJ, AKU, Onuegbu AJ, Olisekodiaka MJ, Okpara CH, EJO, ARA, Njoku CM. Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. https://www.ulutasmedicaljournal.com/?mno=59293 [Access: January 10, 2023]. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nnamdi CJ, AKU, Onuegbu AJ, Olisekodiaka MJ, Okpara CH, EJO, ARA, Njoku CM. Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. Ulutas Med J. 2022; 8(4): 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nnamdi CJ, AKU, Onuegbu AJ, Olisekodiaka MJ, Okpara CH, EJO, ARA, Njoku CM. Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. Ulutas Med J. (2022), [cited January 10, 2023]; 8(4): 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



Harvard Style

Nnamdi, C. J., , . A. K. U., Onuegbu, . A. J., Olisekodiaka, . M. J., Okpara, . C. H., , . E. J. O., , . A. R. A. & Njoku, . C. M. (2022) Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. Ulutas Med J, 8 (4), 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



Turabian Style

Nnamdi, Chinonso J, Amah K. Ubuo, Anaelechi J. Onuegbu, Madu J Olisekodiaka, Chima H Okpara, Ekenedirichukwu J Okwara, Adamma R Analike, and Chidiadi M Njoku. 2022. Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 8 (4), 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



Chicago Style

Nnamdi, Chinonso J, Amah K. Ubuo, Anaelechi J. Onuegbu, Madu J Olisekodiaka, Chima H Okpara, Ekenedirichukwu J Okwara, Adamma R Analike, and Chidiadi M Njoku. "Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 8 (2022), 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nnamdi, Chinonso J, Amah K. Ubuo, Anaelechi J. Onuegbu, Madu J Olisekodiaka, Chima H Okpara, Ekenedirichukwu J Okwara, Adamma R Analike, and Chidiadi M Njoku. "Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria." THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL 8.4 (2022), 135-141. Print. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nnamdi, C. J., , . A. K. U., Onuegbu, . A. J., Olisekodiaka, . M. J., Okpara, . C. H., , . E. J. O., , . A. R. A. & Njoku, . C. M. (2022) Remnant Cholesterol and Leptin: Any Association in Normal Weight, Over Weight and Obese Individuals in South East Nigeria. THE ULUTAS MEDICAL JOURNAL, 8 (4), 135-141. doi:10.5455/umj.20220616022839